Criminology: A Reader by Yvonne Jewkes, Gayle Letherby

By Yvonne Jewkes, Gayle Letherby

This reader offers a entire creation for college students learning criminology at undergraduate point. not just does the publication contain 34 crucial readings, but in addition editorial observation with part introductions, learn questions, and recommendations for additional examining. The reader will supply an intensive grounding in matters with regards to the learn of crime, the legal justice process, and social regulate. of their choice the editors have sought to point crime's various and conflicting background in addition to its present debates. the aggregate of historic and newer readings exhibits quite a few views. The Reader should be a necessary sourcebook for college students and academics within the fields of criminology, legal justice experiences, the sociology of crime and deviance, socio- criminal reports, social coverage, legal legislation and social paintings.

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1991) The theoretical and political priorities of critical criminology, in K. Stenson and D. Cowell (eds) The Politics of Crime Control. London: Sage. Sumner, C. (1990) Censure, Politics and Criminal Justice. Milton Keynes: Open University Press. , Walton, P. and Young, J. (1973) The New Criminology. London: Routledge and Kegan Paul. Q. and Herrnstein, R. (1985) Crime and Human Nature. New York: Simon and Schuster. STUDY QUESTIONS 1 2 What are the causes of crime according to each of the theoretical perspectives outlined by Walklate?

In addition it represents a set of theoretical ideas designed to situate the significance of history to these processes. Of particular importance is the way in which this theoretical perspective centres the questions of not only class but also race and gender. In this latter respect it constitutes an important development from the radical criminology of Taylor, Walton and Young of 1973. As can be seen, the notion of the criminality of the state shifts the criminological agenda away from seeing society as essentially consensual towards seeing society as essentially rooted in conflict.

Classical ideas about crime and punishment can be found in the works of a number of different writers. The writings of Beccaria (1738–94) and Bentham (1748–1832), however, were especially influential. Of the two, Beccaria is frequently cited as being most influential in the subsequent development of the criminological agenda. Put simply, Beccaria argued that there was a contractual relationship between the individual and the state. This relationship existed to prevent chaos. As a part of this contractual relationship individuals gave up some of their liberties in the interest of the common good with the purpose of the law to ensure that these common interests were met.

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