Criminal Justice and Political Cultures by Tim Newburn

By Tim Newburn

As crime more and more crosses nationwide barriers, and foreign co-operation takes more impregnable form, so the advance of principles and coverage at the regulate of crime has turn into an more and more foreign and transnational affair. those advancements name realization not only to the numerous issues of convergence within the languages and practices of crime keep watch over but in addition to their chronic ameliorations. This ebook is worried either with the very particular factor of 'policy move' in the crime keep an eye on enviornment, and with the problems raised via a extra extensively conceptualized proposal of comparative coverage research. The contributions within the ebook study the several ways that ostensibly related vocabularies, rules and practices are taken up and utilized within the targeted settings they stumble upon.

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From a spectacle of solidarity between state and the people against their common enemies, punishment became a vehicle for inculcating habits of order suitable to a democratic society. Megan’s law is a shift away from this process of modernization. Starting with its name, and with the central role given to local prosecutors in applying the risk classification, Megan’s law advertises itself as a new hybrid of public and private vengeance (1998: 464). Thus, while Megan’s laws are similar in some respects to such other risk strategies as situational crime prevention, and while certainly mobilised in the name of potential victims taking ‘rational’ and ‘reasonable’ steps to protect themselves (Levi 2000), these risk strategies are distinct.

G. Dean 1995). If we attend to such differences in risk techniques and in political rationalities, then we should not expect that risk-based strategies and policies will take on substantially similar forms in all ‘neoliberal’ countries. Nor should we assume that variations will be of such minor nature that their ‘joint’ character as risk based and neoliberal will be enough to render them readily transferable among jurisdictions. In this light, I want to examine two closely linked questions. The first is why it is that ‘actuarial justice’, for many criminologists almost the definitive form of risk-based criminal justice, has been almost without impact in Australia.

Long before the contours of the global travelling of crime policies became visible, Stanley Cohen (1982) had warned criminologists about the dangers of such a transport, in particular when western crime control models were implemented in the Third World. He strongly criticised that at a time when community crime control and the dispersal of control into the community were favoured in western countries, the traditional community control in Third World countries was increasingly destroyed by bringing in more police, courts and prisons.

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