Cranial Nerves: Anatomy and Clinical Comments by Linda Wilson-Pauwels AOCA BScAAM Med edD, Elizabeth J.

By Linda Wilson-Pauwels AOCA BScAAM Med edD, Elizabeth J. Akesson, Patricia A., Ph.D. Stewart

That includes three-d, colour-coded illustrations, this vintage paintings describes how the 12 significant nerve platforms attach the mind to the physique platforms they keep an eye on. The drawings express the direction and place of every nerve, in addition to its useful modalities: this permits scholars to profit not just the site of every nerve method, yet how the platforms act in live performance to accomplish particular features. this article serves as a educating instrument for all future health technology scholars who learn neuro- and gross anatomy, together with scholars in medication, dentistry, pharmacy, nursing and actual treatment.

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Such a lesion would result in ipsilateral ophthalmoplegia and contralateral hemiplegia due to interruption of the nearby corticospinal fibers (Weber's syndrome). If the lesion is more dorsal in the midbrain and involves the red nucleus plus efferent axons of III, the patient has ipsilateral ophthalmoplegia plus contralateral intention tremor (Benedikt's syndrome). 2. Inflammation Syphilitic and tuberculous meningitis tend to localize between the chiasma, pons and temporal lobes where the third nerve emerges from the brain stem and so are likely to affect the third nerve specifically.

In coronal sections, the nucleus is ''V" shaped and is bounded laterally and inferiorly by Figure III-2 Somatic Motor Component of Oculomotor Nerve Page 29 the medial longitudinal fasciculus (see Fig. III-2). It is generally accepted that subnuclei within the oculomotor complex supply individual muscles (Fig. III-3). Oculomotor Nuclear Complex The lateral part of the oculomotor complex is formed by the lateral subnuclei supplying, from dorsal to ventral, the ipsilateral inferior rectus, the inferior oblique, and the medial rectus muscles.

Information from the lower halves of the retinas (upper visual field) terminates in the lower wall of the calcarine fissure (Fig. II-9). Page 15 Figure II-6 The Geniculocalcarine Tracts Figure II-7 Projection of Image on the Retina image is reversed and flipped upside down when projected through the pupil and onto the retina Page 16 Figure II-8 Left Visual Field Projection to Right Visual Cortex Page 17 Figure II-9 Transmissions of Visual Information from the Left Visual Field Page 18 Because the image on the retina is upside-down, images from the lower visual field project to the upper wall of the calcarine fissure and those from the upper visual field project to the lower wall of the calcarine fissure.

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