Correctional Counseling and Rehabilitation by Patricia Van Voorhis, Michael C. Braswell, David Lester

By Patricia Van Voorhis, Michael C. Braswell, David Lester

This article offers foundations of correctional intervention, together with overviews of the main platforms of healing intervention, prognosis of psychological ailment, and correctional overview and type. Its specified descriptions and cross-approach comparisons will help pros greater be certain which of a number of options will be in particular necessary of their specific setting.Includes key suggestions and phrases in addition to dialogue questions.

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However, a trusting and open working relationship is not synonymous with emotional overinvolvement and poor boundary management. To the contrary, a collaborative relationship between the counselor and offender is seen as a necessary precursor to successful counseling (Harris, 1995). The counseling relationship, or therapeutic alliance, has been systematically shown to be related to positive outcomes in treatment (Drapeau, Korner & Brunet, 2004). 25 26 CORRECTIONAL COUNSELING AND REHABILITATION In traditional counseling a lot of time is spent both inquiring into and listening to offenders’ complaints about the actions of other people, the world they live in, and so forth; the list is endless.

2. Many correctional counselors understandably become impatient with and frustrated by these encounters with resistance. They either dismiss the offender as unmotivated for counseling or respond irritably and try to coerce the offender into adopting a receptive attitude and cooperative behavior (Harris, 1995). The latter approach inevitably sets the stage for a power struggle between the counselor and offender that signals the death knell for successful counseling. Such power struggles and the confrontation they entail are counterproductive for several reasons.

Part Two Historical Foundations of Correctional Counseling and Treatment Many of the therapeutic strategies discussed in the next three chapters are not practiced in corrections today—at least not in their purest form. However, contemporary counseling emerged from the historical approaches discussed in Chapters 3 through 5. Professionals should be familiar with them. For example, while we certainly do not practice psychoanalysis as professional counselors, it would be unusual to be in professional circles and not hear at some point a discussion of defense mechanisms, ego controls, transference, projection, and other concepts credited to psychoanalytic and psychodynamic traditions.

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