Coptic Etymological Dictionary by Jaroslav Černý

By Jaroslav Černý

Coptic was once the language spoken in Egypt from overdue precedent days to the 17th century, whilst it used to be overtaken by way of Arabic because the nationwide language. Derived from historic Egyptian, the language of the hieroglyphs, it used to be written in an tailored kind of Greek script. This dictionary lists approximately 2,000 Coptic phrases whose etymology has been tested from historic Egyptian and Greek resources, overlaying two-thirds of the identified Coptic vocabulary and complementing W. E. Crum's 1939 Coptic Dictionary, nonetheless the traditional within the box. The Egyptian varieties are quoted in hieroglyphic and/or demotic types. An appendix lists the etymologies of Coptic place-names. the ultimate paintings of Czech Egyptologist Jaroslav Černý (1898-1970), Professor of Egyptology at Oxford, the Dictionary was once introduced via to ebook via colleagues after his dying.

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Also Chapter 5 by Schlu¨ter). The evidence from the fiction databases, however, shows that AmE, in the eighteenth century, has a larger proportion of irregular than regular verb forms; it also uses more irregular verb forms than BrE. This is not a case of straightforward colonial lag, then, but an instance of post-colonial re-innovation. e. the choice of singular or plural verbs and pronouns, is a similarly complicated story. According to Marckwardt (1958: 77), AmE is more conservative in its use of concord patterns than BrE: Originally the singular would have been demanded, but as early as 1000, plural verbs began to appear with collective nouns when the idea of a number of individuals took precedence over the group concept.

As in the case of gotten, the suffix-containing en-participle has been gaining ground in AmE; but, unlike gotten, proven is not a lowfrequency and stylistically marked option. Preliminary evidence from Gloderer (1993: 69) – a comparison of Brown with data from the Miami Herald for 1992 – even suggests that a shift of preference from proved to proven may have taken place in AmE in the second half of the twentieth century. 4). 13 The earliest attestation in the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) of a verbal use of provin is from 1536, that of the adjectival function from 1653.

We are grateful to Eva Berlage, Susanna Lyne, Andre´ Schaefer, Christine Kick and Imke Zander, who agreed to let us use some of their results on British–American contrasts. We also owe a large debt of gratitude to Andreas Mankel, who took charge of putting the formatting of the chapters into shape, as well as Stefanie Fo¨rtsch and Jonas Lau, who assisted greatly in correcting the proofs and preparing the index, respectively. Finally, many thanks are due to the Thyssen Foundation for covering the cost of a symposium held in Paderborn in 2004, which originated not only the idea for this volume but also ten of its nineteen chapters.

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