Comparative Agriculture by Hubert Cochet (auth.)

By Hubert Cochet (auth.)

In the 1st part devoted to theoretical strategies on comparative agriculture, Hubert Cochet introduces the proposal of “agricultural development”, the very topic of comparative agriculture, with a restored endogenous size. He then describes how this procedure was once slowly consolidated, round the suggestion of agrarian approach particularly. The comparability of agricultural alterations in time and house highlights the significance of the comparatist method of construction tactics, their trajectories and differentiation on a global scale. the second one part which makes a speciality of the tools and services of comparative agriculture, tackles the problems of panorama research, box surveys and the old strategy underlying comparative agriculture. It sums up the commercial instruments mobilised in addition to the assessment views spread out through comparative agriculture.

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But the standardisation of process and markets on a worldwide scale, led the same author to speak of “tertiarised agroindustrial food model” (Rastoin 2008). Run by the markets and largely dominated by a restricted number of very large firms intervening upstream in particular (farm equipment, seeds, pesticides and fertilisers), and in the mass marketing sector, the tertiarised agro-industrial food model would somehow oversee all agrarian systems worldwide, by bringing in the largest portion of raw materials – the deposit – produced at their level.

The concept was then redefined as “a mode of exploitation of a given agro-system, historically constituted and long-lasting, adapted to the bioclimatic conditions of a given space, and meeting the requirements and social needs of the time” Mazoyer (1987: 11). M. Mazoyer specified: “the agrariansystem includes the following 3 4 And were as such fairly subjected to “drifts” highlighted by Jean Pierre Olivier de Sardan (1994). On the approach in terms of agrarian system in the region of Dômes, see also Gilles Bazin et al.

In this case, it is the process that needs to be analysed in all its spatio-temporal components and understood. The problematics of going from a forest agrarian system on the margins of the Amazon Basin, in Bolivia, Peru or Ecuador, to one or several post-forest agrarian systems involving significant migration movements in particular, can only be analysed within this framework. In a completely different context, agrarian systems of “exforest” Ivory Coast cannot be apprehended without putting them back into the wider context of the cocoa/coffee front, which has been sweeping over half of the southern part of the country in the last 50 years.

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