Companion Encyclopedia of Anthropology by Tim Ingold

By Tim Ingold

Книга предлагает всесторонний обзор современных идей в биологической, социальной и культурной антропологии, закладывающих основу для будущего развития и интеграции. Основная идея «Энциклопедического справочника» - в необходимости преодоления разделения и фрагментации узких специализаций гуманитарных наук и естествознания в подходах к антропологии. В книге подчеркивается взаимосвязи между разделами науки о человечестве, и определяются перспективы её развития.
Книга состоит из трех частей – «Человечество», «Культура» и «Социальная жизнь», включающие в себя около forty больших статей. В первой части рассматриваются вопросы человеческой эволюции и разнообразии человеческих популяций, особенности отличий разных популяций, процессы приспособления популяций к изменяющейся окружающей среде, и, в свою очередь, преобразование окружающие среды. Во второй части говорится о происхождении и структуре человеческой культуры, и о роли культуры в восприятии, познании и различной деятельности. В третьей части исследуются различные аспекты отношений и процессов, протекающих между индивидуумами и коллективами в ходе социальной жизни.Образцы сканов: Содержание:

Preface ix
General introduction
Tim Ingold xiii
The participants xxiii
PART I: HUMANITY 1
1. creation to humanity
Tim Ingold 3
2. Humanity and animality
Tim Ingold 14
3. The evolution of early hominids
Phillip V.Tobias 33
4. Human evolution: the final 1000000 years
Clive Gamble 79
5. The origins and evolution of language
Philip Lieberman 108
6. instruments and power behaviour
Thomas Wynn 133
7. area of interest development, evolution and culture
F.J.Odling-Smee 162
8. Modes of subsistence: looking and accumulating to agriculture and pastoralism
Roy Ellen 197
9. The nutrition and meals of human populations
Igor de Garine 226
10. Demographic growth: motives and consequences
Mark N.Cohen 265
11. ailment and the destruction of indigenous populations
Stephen J.Kunitz 297
PART II: tradition 327
12. creation to culture
Tim Ingold 329
13. Why animals have neither tradition nor history
David Premack and Ann James Premack 350
14. Symbolism: the root of culture
Mary LeCron Foster 366
15. Artefacts and the which means of things
Daniel Miller 396
16. Technology
François Sigaut 420
17. Spatial association and the equipped environment
Amos Rapoport 460
18. Perceptions of time
Barbara Adam 503
19. facets of literacy
Brian V.Street and Niko Besnier 527
20. Magic, faith and the rationality of belief
Gilbert Lewis 563
21. fantasy and metaphor
James F.Weiner 591
22. Ritual and performance
Richard Schechner 613
23. The anthropology of art
Howard Morphy 648
24. track and dance
Anthony Seeger 686
25. The politics of tradition: ethnicity and nationalism
Anthony D.Smith 706
PART III: SOCIAL existence 735
26. advent to social life

Tim Ingold 737
27. Sociality between people and non-human animals
R.I.M.Dunbar 756
28. principles and prohibitions: the shape and content material of human kinship
Alan Barnard 783
29. knowing intercourse and gender
Henrietta L.Moore 813
30. Socialization, enculturation and the improvement of non-public identity
Fitz John Porter Poole 831
31. Social facets of language use
Jean DeBernardi 861
32. paintings, the department of labour and co-operation
Sutti Ortiz 891
33. alternate and reciprocity
C.A.Gregory 911
34. Political domination and social evolution
Timothy Earle 940
35. legislations and dispute processes
Simon Roberts 962
36. Collective violence and customary security
Robert A.Rubinstein 983
37. Inequality and equality
André Béteille 1010
38. The kingdom nation, colonial enlargement and the modern international order
Peter Worsley 1040
Index 1067

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Eds) (1989) The Human Revolution: Behavioural and Biological Perspectives in the Origins of Modern Humans, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. C. (1981) On the Evolution of Human Behavior: the Argument from Animals to Man, Berkeley: University of California Press. Richards, G. (1987) Human Evolution: an Introduction for the Behavioural Sciences, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. Rindos, D. (1984) The Origins of Agriculture: an Evolutionary Perspective, Orlando: Academic Press. A. and Winterhalder, B.

It is rather to lay open for investigation that world interminably multiplied in the exuberantly creative minds and activities of people everywhere. The task is impossible because the subject matter is forever exploding beyond our limited compass. Human beings ourselves, our problem is not that we have failed to cut humanity down to size, but rather that we shall never be able to catch up with it. These alternative positions rest, in fact, on radically different notions of what humanity is, or might be.

In Anthropology from the State University of New York at Binghamton. He also holds a Master’s degree in public health from the University of Illinois at Chicago. He has carried out research in Egypt, Belize, Mexico, and in the United States. Proctor Foundation at the University of California, San Francisco. He is cochair of the Commission on the Study of Peace of the International Union of Anthropological and Ethnological Sciences. He is the editor or co-editor of Epistemology and Process (1984), Peace and War (1986), The Social Dynamics of Peace and Conflict (1988) and Fieldwork: The Correspondence of Robert Redfield and Sol Tax (1991).

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