Collective Agriculture and Rural Development in Soviet by Azizur Rahman Khan

By Azizur Rahman Khan

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For 1952 to 1967 indices ~ are available in A. N. Malafeyev,lstoriya Tsenoobrazovaniya v SSSR ( 1917-1963), Moscow 1964. Absolute prices have been found by ~. applying these indices to the, 1967 prices ShOWD in Boev, op cit. 56 times slaughterweight). 02 Ratio 0/ (1) to (2) Cotton: US Memphis 1 1/16" elf UK. Meat: For 1952: Beef, Steers, good, wholesale price Chicago. For 1976: unweighted average of export price from four countries shown in FAO Produetion Yearbook 1976. International Prices: Grain: Simple average for wheat (US Hard Red Winter No.

The implied argument is either that the statebureaucratic management is more efficient than some degree of self-management, or that the state management and ownership permits an easier injection of resources into these units from outside. The next major landmark in the evolution of collective agriculture was the abolition of the Machine Tractor Stations (MTS) in 1958. Henceforward, the collective farms were to own machines and tractors whose services they previously hired from the MTS. Unfortunately, the process of the liquidation of the MTS is inadequately documented.

Published budget data do not allow a proper analysis of the question. Our erude estimates suggest that in 1976 the state payment for agricultural procurement was nearly 33 billion rubles more than what it would be had the procurement prices been unehanged at the 1952 level. 39 Thus as a consequence of the steady and sharp improvement allowed in the terms of trade for agrieulture over the period sinee 1953 the state has forgone a potential revenue of 33 billion rubles per year by 1976. In 1976 this amount was 81per cent of national income, 14 per cent of all state revenue and over 31 per cent of all capital accumulation.

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