Chickasaw an Analytical Dictionary by Pamela Munro

By Pamela Munro

The Chickasaws are one of many 5 Tribes got rid of by means of the U.S. executive to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma) greater than a hundred and fifty years in the past from their homelands within the southeastern usa. such a lot audio system of the Chickasaw language now dwell within the Chickasaw state in south-central Oklahoma. even if there are fewer than 100 fluent audio system at the present time, the tribe has a language software designed to revitalize and perpetuate the language.

This first scholarly dictionary of the Chickasaw language includes a Chickasaw-English part with nearly 12,000 major entries, secondary entries, and cross-references; an English-Chickasaw index; and an intensive introductory part describing the constitution of Chickasaw words.

The dictionary makes use of a brand new spelling process that represents tonal accessory and the glottal cease, neither of that's proven in any past dictionary of both Chickasaw or the heavily similar Muskogean language, Choctaw. additionally, vowel and consonant size, vowel nasalization, and different vital differences are given. Grammatical info can be provided.

The dictionary is the made from a seventeen-year collaboration among Pamela Munro and Catherine Willmond. they've got consulted over 40 different Chickasaw audio system in Oklahoma to assemble variation kinds of phrases, that are additionally indexed within the dictionary.
 

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Example text

Like any other spelling system, Chickasaw spelling works according to its own set of rules, which must be learned. ) The basic sounds of the Chickasaw language include ',a, aa, a, b, ch, f, h, i, ii, i, k, l, lh, m, n, ng, o, oo, o, p, s, sh, t, w, y. Many of these letters and letter combinations (two letters used together to indicate a single sound) represent about the same sounds as in English, but there are some differences, of course, which you will need to pay attention to if you want to have good Chickasaw pronunciation.

A few verb stems beginning with ho, such as hottopa "to hurt", irregularly drop this syllable after a II prefix: Sattopa "I hurt", Chittopa "You hurt", Pottopa "We hurt". Dialect variation affects such forms: some speakers say ittopa instead of hottopa, and others use holhpokonna in place of ilhpokonna ''to dream". 44122). A prefix from this set replaces the dative prefix on such words to indicate a non-third-person. At the beginning of a word, before a vowel or the consonants b or p, these prefixes have the following forms: 1sg.

Thus, for example, the vowel of the second syllable of the word pilachi "send" (which has three consonant-vowel syllables, pi, la, and chi) is almost as long as a long aa sound. When the prefix sa- is added to form the four-syllable word sapilachi "he sends me", however, it is the vowel of the pi syllable that is pronounced with a lengthened vowel (because now it is even-numbered); in this word, the la syllable includes a shorter a sound. 4 of The Structure of Chickasaw Words, the next section of the dictionary.

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