Cardamom: The Genus Elettaria (Medicinal and Aromatic Plants by P. N. Ravindran, K.J. Madhusoodanan

By P. N. Ravindran, K.J. Madhusoodanan

Cardamom another way referred to as Malabar cardamom, actual cardamom or small cardamom moment basically to pepper in its value in the course of the Renaissance interval, is frequently certified because the Queen of Spices due to its very friendly aroma and style. The Western Ghat woodland of the Malabar coast, India, is the heart of beginning and variety for cardamom and it could possibly were nature's layout that the King and Queen of spices (black pepper and cardamom) originated within the similar forest.This quantity comprises 16 chapters, fourteen on cardamom and one every one on huge cardamom and fake cardamoms. All points of the cardamom crop were coated during this quantity, and every bankruptcy is written by means of specialists of their respective fields. This quantity is visualized as either a textbook and reference paintings for scientists and scholars of horticulture, plantation plants, botany and similar fields, and should pass directly to function the most reference quantity on cardamom for a few years to return.

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5 Anatomical features of cardamom leaf sheath: (a) TS of leaf sheath-diagrammatic view through the tip portion of the aerial shoot showing the cyclic layers of leaf sheath; (b) a portion enlarged. , 1977). Cardamom plant has the characteristic fibrous root system of monocots. The root consists of epidermis that is single layered with a large number of epidermal hairs. Cortex and pith regions are large and parenchymatous. The endodermis shows well developed casparian strips (Fig. 6). Cardamom leaf has the structure of a typical monocot leaf, bound by upper epidermis, hypodermis, single layered palisade tissue, spongy parenchyma and lower epidermis (Fig.

16 (a) Mitotic metaphase from a root tip squash showing 2n ϭ 48; (b) a late meiotic metaphase showing 24 bivalents. J. Madhusoodanan, K. N. Ravindran (2n ϭ 4x ϭ 96) showed very limited chromosome abnormalities and had good pollen fertility and seed set (Sudharshan, 1989). 1 Panicle production, panicle nature and flowering Tillers emerge from axils of underground stem and from their bases vegetative buds emerge almost throughout the year. However, majority of the vegetative buds are produced during January–March.

1: 6) had very narrow leaves (only 3 cm width). In two accessions tillers had characteristic pink and pale green colours. Though in general each tiller had two panicles, accessions having three and four panicles per tiller were present especially among the Munzerabad clones. Another known as ‘Alfred clone’, produced both basal and terminal panicles. Panicle length was highly variable among the accessions, ranging from 30–200 cm, the mean being 140 cm in vars. Mysore and Vazhukka and 80 cm in var.

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