Canon Debate, The by Lee Martin McDonald

By Lee Martin McDonald

What does it suggest to talk of a "canon" of scripture? How, while, and the place, did the canon of the Hebrew Bible come into life? Why does it have 3 divisions? What canon was once in use one of the Jews of the Hellenistic diaspora? At Qumran? In Roman Palestine? one of the rabbis? What Bible did Jesus and his disciples be aware of and use? How was once the hot testomony canon shaped and closed? What position was once performed by means of Marcion? by way of gnostics? via the church fathers? What did the early church make of the apocrypha and pseudepigrapha? via what standards have questions of canonicity been determined? Are those earlier judgements nonetheless significant religion groups at the present time? Are they open to revision?

These and different debated questions are addressed by means of a world roster of remarkable specialists on early Judaism and early Christianity, writing from varied affiliations and views, who current the heritage of dialogue and provide their very own tests of the present status.

Contributors
William Adler, Peter Balla, John Barton, Joseph Blenkinsopp, François Bovon, Kent D. Clarke, Philip R. Davies, James D. G. Dunn, Eldon Jay Epp, Craig A. Evans, William R. Farmer, Everett Ferguson, Robert W. Funk, Harry Y. Gamble, Geoffrey M. Hahneman, Daniel J. Harrington, Everett R. Kalin, Robert A. Kraft, Jack P. Lewis, Jack N. Lightstone, Steve Mason, Lee M. McDonald, Pheme Perkins, James A. Sanders, Daryl D. Schmidt, Albert C. Sundberg Jr., Emanuel Tov, Julio Trebolle-Barrera, Eugene Ulrich, James C. VanderKam, Robert W. Wall.

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Childs, Introduction to the Old Testament as Scripture (Philadelphia: Fortress, 1979), 36. 30 J. Barr, Holy Scripture: Canon, Authority, Criticism (Philadelphia: Westminster, 1983), 50. " 31 Similarly, Julio Trebolle Barrera noted that use of "the Greek term 'canon' comes from New Testament studies ... [and] belongs to a very late period in the history of the formation of the NT canon ... " 32 Sid Leiman provided a definition of a canonical book as "a book accepted by Jews as authoritative for religious practice and/or doctrine, and whose authority is binding upon the Jewish people for all generations.

Writing down folk tales, legends, or myths does not help preserve them. These texts are quite satisfactorily preserved orally and do not need to be written. Indeed, writing them down has the opposite effect. In an ancient agrarian society 95 percent (or more) of the population cannot read, though they can hear; writing down restricts communication to the privileged class. Writing is power, and no cultural analysis of writing, and thus of canonizing and canons, must pretend otherwise. 2. Early Uses of Literacy The production of literature arises from various causes.

Beyer, "Kanan," TDNT 3:596-602. 4 Bruce Metzger, The Canon of the New Testament: Its Origin, Development, and Significance (Oxford: Clarendon, 1987), v. 5 Beyer, "kanon," 596-602. The Notion and Definition of Canon 23 principally in Ezekiel (40:3, 5; 41 :8; 42: 16-19; see also Isa 46:6), in the derived meaning of measuring rod (six cubits), no biblical use of the word is attested in the extended metaphorical sense of a moral measure, as, for example, 'nk ("plumb line") is used in Amos 7:7-8. In the New Testament the only relevant occurrence of kanon is in Gal6:16, where it is used in the general sense of "measure of assessment," "norm of one's own action;' "norm of true Christianity:'6 But precisely what Paul is referring to in his summary blessing "for those who will follow to kanoni touto" is not exactly clear; what is clear is that it does not refer to a set of books of scripture.?

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