British Business in the Formative Years of European by Neil Rollings

By Neil Rollings

This publication questions traditional bills of the historical past of ecu integration and British company. Integration debts conventionally specialize in the geographical region, whereas Neil Rollings makes a speciality of enterprise and its function within the improvement of eu integration, which enterprise historians have neglected up to now. enterprise supplied a key hyperlink among financial integration, political integration, and the method of Europeanization. British businessmen perceived early on that eu integration intended even more than the elimination of price lists and entry to new markets. certainly, British access into the ecu neighborhood may regulate the full panorama of the ecu operating atmosphere. attention of eu integration was once published as a fancy, relative, and dynamic factor, overlaying many matters reminiscent of festival coverage, taxation, and corporate legislation. according to huge archival learn, this ebook makes use of the case of commercial to stress the necessity to mix nationwide histories with the historical past of ecu integration.

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7, No. 1 (1998), 39–60; and Alan S. Milward and George Brennan, Britain’s Place in the World: A Historical Inquiry into Import Controls (London: Routledge, 1996). 18:11 P1: SBT 978052188811c02b CUNY1280/Rollings 0 521 83397 3 Trade and Protection October 17, 2007 18:34 29 However, in other respects the issue was developing and changing. First, the seriousness and long-term implications of the situation were being more fully appreciated. 26 Added to that, contemporary analysis suggested that Britain’s poor performance could not be explained in terms of the commodity composition of its exports or the nature of its export markets.

34 73 11 4 67 15 8 1950/1951 58 27 8 1955/1956 56 27 11 1960/1961 46 36 8 1965/1966 45 54 10 1970/1971 Protective duties as defined by Customs and Excise. Prior to 1958 this covers the Import Duties Act, 1932, the key industries duties, the Ottawa duties (excluding wine and dried fruits), beef and veal, silk and artificial silk and dried or preserved fruit. After 1958 it covers items under the Import Duties Act, 1958, which pulled the existing duties together under one piece of legislation. It does not cover the 1964–66 temporary charge on imports.

67 66 4 39–62 55–57 Percentage of Imports Receiving Preference Average Margin of Preference (Inc. 8. 41 There is also agreement that liberalization occurred through the removal of quotas (largely achieved in the 1950s), the creation of EFTA (with its liberalization program from 1960 to 1967) and in the 1960s the Dillon (completed by 1962 and estimated to have reduced import duties by 7–11 percent) and Kennedy rounds of trade negotiations in GATT (agreed in 1967 and implemented by 1972 such that the average tariffs on manufactures were cut by 35–40 percent).

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