Brassicas and Legumes From Genome Structure to Breeding by T. Nagata, S. Tabata (auth.), Professor Dr. Toshiyuki

By T. Nagata, S. Tabata (auth.), Professor Dr. Toshiyuki Nagata, Professor Dr. Satoshi Tabata (eds.)

Genome series stories became progressively more very important for plant breeding. Brassicas and Legumes: From Genome constitution to Breeding includes sixteen chapters and provides either an summary and the newest result of this swiftly increasing box. themes lined comprise: genome research of a flowering plant, Arabidopsis thaliana; the series of the Arabidopsis genome as a device for comparative structural genomics in Brassicaceae; software of molecular markers in Brassica coenospecies; the molecular genetic foundation of flowering time edition in Brassica species; quantitative trait loci for clubroot resistance in Brassica oleracea; structural transformations of S locus among Brassica oleracea and Brassica rapa; Brassica and legume chromosomes; series research of the Lotus japonicus genome; advent of an early flowering accession ‘Miyakojima’ MG-20 to molecular genetics in Lotus japonicus; genetic linkage map of the version legume Lotus japonicus; building of a top quality genome library of Lotus japonicus; genome research of Mesorhizobium loti: a symbiotic accomplice to Lotus japonicus; molecular linkage map of the version legume Medicago truncatula; genetic mapping of seed and nodule protein markers in diploid alfalfa (Medicago sativa); mapping the chickpea (Cicer arietinum) genome: localization of fungal resistance genes in interspecific crosses.

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Only the loci residing in collinear arrangement with the marker sequences on Arabidopsis chromosome IV are shown. B Markers located on Arabidopsis chromosome V were used for genetic mapping in Capsella. The order of markers mi330-b, mi61, 17079,21617 and mi194 is inverted in Capsella when compared to the arrangement on the Arabidopsis sequence map Capsella loci are residing in collinear arrangement with loci in Arabidopsis (cf. mi330-a and -b, Fig. 1). Marker ATTS3374, however, is a single-copy sequence in the Arabidopsis genome whereas in Caps ella two loci mapping on two different linkage groups are present.

Information of the flanking sequences of the inserted DNAs allows us to find knockout lines computationally. Sequencing of the flanking regions of the insertion points has been carried out in a small scale and the data have been T. Kato et al. 12 Table 3. The type and number of insertional lines generated Name of the lines Effect by the insertion Type of the inserted elements Number of the lines Feldmann Disruption T-DNA 8,000 INRA-Versailles Promoter trap T-DNA 4,000 Cold Spring Harbor Ds Jack Enhancer and gene traps Enhancer trap T-DNA 11,370 SLAT Disruption dSpm 48,000 ITS Disruption En/I 2,592 Weigel Activation T-DNA 25,000 Dellaporta Disruption T-DNA 38,000 AFGC Enhancer trap T-DNA 60,480 491 Reference Feldmann (1991) Bechtold et al.

When using small genetic mapping populations, it is normally impossible to detect recombination events between such closelylinked genes; such arrangements can thus be treated as a single genetic locus. Those markers sharing low nucleotide sequence identity values «75 %) with one or more homologues in the Arabidopsis genome can also be regarded as single-copy genes with respect to genetic mapping because the hybridization conditions can be chosen such that poorly conserved sequences will not be detected in cross-hybridization studies.

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