Biomimetic Design Method for Innovation and Sustainability by Yael Helfman Cohen, Yoram Reich

By Yael Helfman Cohen, Yoram Reich

Presenting a singular biomimetic layout technique for shifting layout recommendations from nature to expertise, this e-book makes a speciality of structure-function styles in nature and complex modeling instruments derived from TRIZ, the speculation of artistic problem-solving. The ebook comprises an intensive literature assessment on biomimicry as an engine of either innovation and sustainability, and discusses intimately the biomimetic layout approach, present biomimetic layout tools and instruments. The structural biomimetic layout process for innovation and sustainability recommend during this textual content encompasses (1) the learn procedure and motive used to strengthen and validate this new layout process; (2) the steered layout set of rules and instruments together with the locate constitution database, structure-function styles and ideality styles; and (3) analyses of 4 case reports describing tips on how to use the proposed technique. This ebook bargains an important source for designers who desire to use nature as a resource of idea and data, innovators and sustainability specialists, and scientists and researchers, among others.

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Obviously, a better place to locate the nerve cells, for example, is behind the retina, preventing the disturbance to the photoreceptors cells and preventing the blind spot. A designer who starts from scratch may design optimal systems, but evolution is an incremental design process, applying minor changes to existing structures. The retina evolved as a modification of the outer layer of the brain, and light sensitivity capabilities evolved later including the nerve connections. The result is a modification of preexisting structure rather than an elegant perfect design, free of flaws.

Breakthrough innovations are more likely to result from far analogies between distant domains [18]. Between-domain analogies yielded more original ideas than within-domain analogies, which yielded more ideas in quantity [19]. Based on these findings, analogies used in biomimetic design, are far and between fields, and therefore have high potential of innovation. Indeed, class studies in bio-inspired design found that innovation improved by analogical reasoning that link biological functions to engineering challenges [20].

This model should explain how the problem is solved in biology and may include references to functions, structures, behaviours, design principles or strategies in case they are related to the solution. Indeed, abstraction often involves representation of the biological solutions by models. Representation of knowledge is a natural cognitive process executed when trying to understand a phenomenon. In relation to biological phenomena, representations can facilitate understanding the functional mechanism and support the transfer to technology [73, 74].

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