Bioheat, Biopower and Biogas - Developments and Implications by OECD

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Extra resources for Bioheat, Biopower and Biogas - Developments and Implications for Agriculture

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It is therefore important to identify land areas where bioenergy production is likely to occur and whether this involves any change in land use. Avoiding unsuitable land will ensure positive GHG savings can be achieved within a reasonable timescale. BIOHEAT, BIOPOWER AND BIOGAS: DEVELOPMENTS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR AGRICULTURE © OECD 2010 30 THE ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE OF ALTERNATIVE BIOENERGY CHAINS – 31 Table 3. Range of IPCC default values for annual CO2 emissions associated with land use changes Original land use Forest land Grassland New land use Annual cropland Perennial cropland Annual cropland Perennial cropland Annualised CO2 emissions 15-37 t CO2eq/ha 14-31 t CO2eq/ha 2-10 t CO2eq/ha 1-18 t CO2eq/ha Default year of 2005, all soil carbon change figures amortised to 20-year time period.

5% 45% Other Renewable Other Biomass 40% Solid Biomass - other than non-wood vegetal 35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10% Source: IEA (2008a). BIOHEAT, BIOPOWER AND BIOGAS: DEVELOPMENTS AND IMPLICATIONS FOR AGRICULTURE © OECD 2010 Brazil Argentina Russia India Indonesia People's Republic of China South Africa Non-OECD Total EU-27 Japan Korea Australia New Zealand Canada United States Mexico OECD Total World 0% Austria Belgium Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Luxembourg Netherlands Poland Portugal Slovak Republic Spain Sweden United Kingdom Turkey Iceland Norway Switzerland 5% 36 – MARKET DEVELOPMENTS IN THE OVERALL BIOENERGY CONTEXT Figure 13.

And J. Schnoor (2002), ―Incremental life cycle analysis: using uncertainty analysis to frame greenhouse gas balances from bioenergy systems for emission trading,‖ Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 22, pp. 257269. , T. Booth, A. Elliot, M. Kirschbaum, T. Jovanovic and P. Polglase (2006), ―Net carbon dioxide emissions from alternative firewood-production systems in Australia,‖ Biomass and Bioenergy, Vol. 30, N°7, pp. 638-647. Pehnt, M. (2006), ―Dynamic life cycle assessment (LCA) of renewable energy technologies‖, Renewable Energy, Vol.

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