Biographical Dictionary of Modern Egypt by Jr. Goldschmidt Arthur

By Jr. Goldschmidt Arthur

Presents biographical sketches and resource fabric for roughly four hundred women and men who've performed a tremendous function in Egypt's nationwide existence. Entries diversity in size from part a web page to 2 pages, and describe the contributions of politicians, writers, diplomats, spiritual leaders, and students, in addition to founders of newspapers, department shops, theatrical troupes, and cutting edge ideas of visible illustration. Earliest figures profiled are from the overdue 18th and early nineteenth centuries.

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The Earth surface reflecting capacity (albedo) determines the conditions at which the Earth surface absorbs a part of the solar radiation. The absorbed summary radiation causes land heating, as well as heating of the adjacent atmosphere. That is why it has a decisive role for the radiation and thermal balance. ). Significant albedo differences can be observed only in winter, when it is possible to form snow cover. 20 in the Thracian basin, according to VELEV, 1990). Taking into account the summary radiation data and albedo values it is easy to see, that the land-absorbed summary solar radiation, which is the heat balance incoming part of the radiation balance, fluctuates between 4000 and 4800 MJ/m2 annually.

The soil profile (deep, mostly about 60-80 cm) is not complete, with more skeletal constitution, while the organic substance producing horizons (Aturf and A) lie immediately upon rocky rubble (eluvium) or upon proluvium. Depending on the organic matter accumulation, as well as the substance properties, three soil subtypes can be outlined: common or swarded (halpic) soils with well formed sward, from 8 to 15 cm thick; peaty (histic) soils with humus contents between 20 and 30%; black soil (chernozem-like) - looking soils (molic), developed upon carbonate rocks (Mursalitsa).

Such cases can be observed throughout the whole year, but most often in May and June, when the cold air mass is unstable, with a high vertical temperature gradient and powerful convective motions, while air temperature differences before and after the cold front are great. Front passages invoke temperature reductions by 5 to 10°C and formation of cumulus rain clouds, producing significant precipitation. Often these synoptic conditions cause spring-summer precipitation maximums. Mountain slopes create conditions for additional convection in the cold air mass after the front and precipitation quantities increase along their medium-height- and lower parts, especially along slopes of Northern and Northwest exposure.

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