Biofuel crops by Bharat P Singh

By Bharat P Singh

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One of the most influential chemists of the era, Harold Hibbert of Yale University, said in 1921 that oil shortages posed a serious challenge for public policy and for science. ’ he asked.  . ’ Chemists might be able to solve the problem, Hibbert said, by making ethanol from abundant cellulose waste – ­materials such as seaweed, sawdust, corn stalks and wheat straw. ‘It is believed that the chemist is capable of solving this ­difficult problem.  . (and) it would seem that cellulose in one form or another is capable of filling that role’ (Hibbert, 1921).

W. (1949) Alcohol: A Fuel for Internal Combustion Engines. Chapman and Hall, London. B. (1945) Our oil and natural gas reserves. ) Our Oil Resources. McGraw Hill Book Co. , New York. B. (1975) Use of alcohols and other synthetic fuels in Europe from 1930–1950. Impact of methanol fuel on urban air pollution. American Institute of Chemical Engineers, Boston, Massachusetts, 7 September 1975, paper 31-C. 22 B. T. (1956) Enzymatic hydrolysis of cellulose. Applied Microbiology 4, 39–45. Renewable Fuels Association (2012) US Ethanol Industry Overview.

Any electricity generated that is surplus to onsite requirements can also be sold to the grid to provide an additional revenue stream. 80 l−1 diesel equivalent). The higher cost ranges for maize ethanol and rapeseed oil biodiesel explain why various federal and state financial support mechanisms are required to enable biofuels to compete with petroleum products when oil prices are below approximately US$100 per barrel. 7 Biofuels and Greenhouse Gases Life cycle assessments (LCA) of biofuels tend to only consider carbon dioxide emissions, and usually exclude the direct and indirect impacts of land use change (Fig.

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