Biofortification of Food Crops by Ummed Singh, C S Praharaj, S S Singh, N P Singh

By Ummed Singh, C S Praharaj, S S Singh, N P Singh

The chapters awarded during this e-book ‘Biofortification of meals Crops’ depict how agricultural technological interventions have real position in assuaging malnutrition. This e-book highlights the position of multidisciplinary methods to manage up with the demanding situations of micronutrient malnutrition or hidden starvation that's an alarming public wellbeing and fitness factor in so much components of the area together with India. during this endeavour, diversified biofortification methods akin to agronomic (or ferti-fortification), breeding, biotechnological, physiological, microbial and so forth. has fulfilled their assorted mandates of nutrient enrichment of meals plants together with cereals and pulses. The contents of the booklet proves that biofortified vegetation have enough power to nourish nutrient depleted soils, support elevate crop productiveness and supply dietary merits to vegetation, people and livestock.  The content material and caliber of data offered during this publication will certainly supply a number of novel rules of boost options and should stimulate leading edge ideas and instructions among researchers and coverage makers within the box of biofortification. moreover, the contributions awarded within the publication should be a superb resource of history wisdom and technical knowledge to teach the readers approximately biofortification. The authors desire that the e-book entitled “Biofortification of meals Crops” would offer an appropriate platform in our collective efforts for a suitable discussion one of the scientists, researchers, marketers, coverage makers and farmers in lowering the budding problems with malnutrition via novel ways and ability

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Recently, zinc deficiency – especially in infants and young children under 5 years of age – has received global attention. Zinc deficiency is the fifth leading cause of death and disease in the developing world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), about 800,000 people die annually 34 S. Das and A. Green Fig. 3 Multi-nutrient deficiency status in India (Singh 2009) due to zinc deficiency, of which 450,000 are children under the age of 5. It is estimated that 60–70 % of the population in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa could be at risk of low zinc intake; in absolute numbers, this translates into about two billion people in Asia and 400 million people in sub-Saharan Africa (Prasad 2006).

There is a developing field of research on the biofortification of plant foods with zinc. This involves both the breeding of new varieties of crops with the genetic potential to accumulate a high density of zinc in cereal grains (genetic biofortification) and the use of zinc fertilisers to increase zinc density (agronomic biofortification). Although the plant breeding route is 3 Zinc in Crops and Human Health 35 Fig. 4 Worldwide zinc deficiency in soils and humans (Alloway 2008) likely to be the most cost-effective approach in the long run, the use of fertilisers is the fastest route to improve the zinc density in diets.

1 Introduction Zinc is one of the 17 essential elements necessary for the normal growth and developments of plants. It is among eight micronutrients essential for plants. Zinc plays a key role in plants as a structural constituent or regulatory cofactor of a wide range of different enzymes and proteins in # Springer India 2016 U. Singh et al. 1007/978-81-322-2716-8_3 31 32 many important biochemical pathways. These are mainly concerned with carbohydrate metabolism, both in photosynthesis and in the conversion of sugars to starch, protein metabolism, auxin (growth regulator) metabolism, pollen formation, maintenance of the integrity of biological membranes and resistance to infection by certain pathogens.

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