Biocontrol of major grapevine diseases : leading research by Stéphane Compant, Florence Mathieu

By Stéphane Compant, Florence Mathieu

Biocontrol of significant Grapevine Diseases presents a well timed learn replace at the use of organic keep an eye on brokers and plant resistance inducers opposed to phytopathogenic infections of the grapevine by means of fungi, oomycetes, micro organism and phytoplasma. Taking a holistic process, this ebook provides intimately the ecology, mechanisms and the applying equipment of those brokers. Its 19 chapters, authored through overseas specialists, disguise ailments comparable to gray mould, trunk ailments, and, through nature, emphasize purposes of biocontrol in natural viticulture and as a part of built-in pest administration structures

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Schena et al. (2003) tested another strain (named 547) against postharvest ­decays on table grape, with better results than those from the reference 14 A. Zanzotto and M. 3. Yeast-like fungal biocontrol agents (BCAs) for the treatment of grapevine diseases. Examples of common Field testeda product names BCA Notes Grey mould Aureobasidium pullulans Well tested on table grapes Yes Botector® No – Candida Efficacy tends to decrease Effective Yes – Cryptococcus Different results No Hanseniaspora Different results No Metschnikowia Various degrees of efficacy Yes Pichia Very promising efficacy in vitro No Saccharomyces Various degrees of efficacy – Bulleromyces albus Biocontrol of and Measures Against Grapevine Pathogens Reference(s) Lima et al.

2013) Preharvest fungicide, potassium sorbate, or chitosan use on quality and storage decay of table grapes. Plant Disease 97, 307–314. N. C. (1991) Biological control of Eutypa lata on grapevine by an antagonistic strain of Bacillus subtilis. Phytopathology 81, 283–287. , Arapitsas, P. and Bavaresco, L. (2013) Advanced knowledge of three important classes of grape phenolics: anthocyanins, stilbenes and flavonols. International Journal of Molecular Sciences 14, 19651–19669. , Walter, M. and Stewart, A.

Has been proposed as biocontrol agents in agriculture, and some strains have given promising results against B. g. Trichodex®, based on T. , 1996; Elad, 2000). Strain T39 competes with the pathogen for nutrients, interfering with B. cinerea pectolytic enzymes and inducing resistance in the plant (reviewed in Elmer and Reglinski, 2006). T. harzianum (strains 1295-22 and P1) has proved to be effective against B. , 1996). Trichoderma spp. have also been evaluated as BCAs against the grapevine trunk pathogens E.

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