Beyond Einstein: the cosmic quest for the theory of the by Michio Kaku

By Michio Kaku

What's superstring thought and why is it very important? Can superstrings provide the fulfilment of Einstein's lifelong dream of a conception of every little thing? Co-authored by means of Michio Kaku, one of many major pioneers of superstrings, it is a exciting account of the discoveries that experience led scientists to the brightest new prospect in theoretical physics at the present time. With the entire pleasure of a detective tale, this booklet includes the latest ground-breaking learn in physics, and gives a desirable examine the clinical examine that could make the very unlikely attainable.

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Extra resources for Beyond Einstein: the cosmic quest for the theory of the universe

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But it is still water Page 9 the same substancemerely turned into a new form under certain circumstances. Another, more dramatic example is the fact that a rock can turn into light. Under specific conditions, a piece of rock can turn into vast quantities of energy, especially if that rock is uranium, and the energy manifests itself in an atomic bomb. Matter, then, can manifest itself in two formseither as a material object (uranium) or as energy (radiation). In much the same way, scientists have realized over the past hundred years that electricity and magnetism are manifestations of the same force.

By analogy, imagine a soap bubble that is vibrating slowly. If the vibrations become strong enough, the soap bubble becomes unstable and fissions into two or more smaller soap bubbles. Imagine that the original soap bubble represents the ten-dimensional universe, and that one of the smaller soap bubbles represents our universe. If this theory is true, it means that our universe actually has a sister universe that coexists with our universe. It also means that the original fissioning of our universe was so violent that it created the explosion that we know as the Big Bang.

A clock on the earth beat at the same rate as a clock on the moon. Maxwell's equations, however, predicted that, under certain circumstances, clocks could slow down. Scientists failed to realize that Maxwell's theory predicted that a clock placed on a moving rocket ship should beat slower than a clock placed on the earth. At first, this sounds totally absurd. After all, the uniformity of the passage of time was one of the foundations of the Newtonian system. Nonetheless, Maxwell's equations required this strange distortion of time.

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