Attachment in Adulthood: Structure, Dynamics, and Change by Mario Mikulincer PhD, Phillip R. Shaver PhD

By Mario Mikulincer PhD, Phillip R. Shaver PhD

This authoritative paintings offers a scientific, entire evaluation of thought and examine on grownup attachment. The authors—who were on the vanguard of this swiftly transforming into box because the recommendations of "adult attachment" and "attachment type" have been first developed—trace how Bowlby and Ainsworth's unique constructs have advanced during the learn of kids and adults. They overview extant measures and study how attachment idea has been used to develop clinical knowing of feelings, social cognition, shut relationships, psychopathology, and psychotherapy.

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When a relationship partner is available, sensitive, and responsive to an individual’s proximity-seeking efforts in times of need, the individual is likely to experience felt security—a sense that the world is generally safe, that attachment figures are helpful when called upon, and that it is possible to explore the environment curiously and confidently and to engage rewardingly with other people. This sense implies that the attachment system is functioning well and that proximity seeking is a reliable and effective emotion regulation strategy.

In the fourth phase, goal-corrected partnership (beyond about 2 years of age), children can endure longer periods of separation and are increasingly capable of synchronizing their proximity-seeking bids with caregivers’ goals and preferences. In this book we are especially interested in close relationships between adults. According to Bowlby (1979), a long-term romantic (or pair-bond; Hazan & Zeifman, 1999) relationship is the prototype of attachment bonds in adulthood. Following his lead, Shaver et al.

Disorganized/disoriented infants seem to suffer from a breakdown of organized attachment strategies (primary, hyperactivating, or deactivating). They either oscillate between strategies or do something bizarre, such as lie face-down on the floor without moving when their mother appears following a separation or sit passively under a table, evincing no clear proximity-seeking strategy at all (Main & Solomon, 1990). These odd behaviors seem to be due to disorganized, unpredictable, and discomfiting behavior on the part of attachment figures who, research shows, are likely to be suffering from unresolved losses or unresolved attachment-related traumas (Hesse, 1999; Lyons-Ruth & Jacobvitz, 1999).

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