Atlas of Functional Neuroanatomy, by Walter Hendelman M.D.

By Walter Hendelman M.D.

Featuring a transparent visible advisor to realizing the human critical frightened process, this moment variation comprises a number of four-color illustrations, photos, diagrams, radiographs, and histological fabric through the textual content. equipped and straightforward to persist with, the publication provides an summary of the CNS, sensory, and motor structures and the limbic procedure, with new and revised fabric. It additionally good points an up to date, interactive CD-ROM with complete textual content, colour illustrations, three-D visualization, roll-over labeling, and flash animations. Containing a word list of phrases, this is often a vital reference software for scientific and allied overall healthiness execs learning neuroanatomy, neuroscience, and neurology.

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The cerebellum is involved with motor control and is part of the motor system, influencing posture, gait, and voluntary movements (discussed in more detail in Section B). Its function is to facilitate the performance of movements by coordinating the action of the various participating muscle groups. This is often spoken of simply as “smoothing out” motor acts. Although it is rather difficult to explain in words what the cerebellum does in motor control, damage to the cerebellum leads to quite dramatic alterations in ordinary movements (discussed with Figure 57).

Not only does this assist in understanding the neuroanatomy of this region, but this knowledge is critical in determining the localization of a lesion of the brainstem region (discussed further in Section C of this atlas). A lesion of the brainstem is likely to interrupt either one or more sensory or motor pathways as they pass through the brainstem. Because of the close relationship with the cerebellum, there may be cerebellar signs as well. ADDITIONAL DETAIL Structures belonging to the cerebellum are explained in Figure 54–Figure 57.

A histological view of these levels of the spinal cord is shown in Figure 69 in Section C. Note to the Learner: The white matter, which contains the ascending sensory and descending motor pathways, will be described with the pathways in Section B; a summary diagram with all the tracts is shown in Section C (see Figure 68). ADDITIONAL DETAIL The parasympathetic supply to the salivary glands travels with cranial nerves (CN) VII and IX (see Figure 8A). Orientation 19 Dorsal root ganglion Afferent (sensory) neuron Cervical Dorsal root of spinal nerve Sensory nuclei Dorsal horn Intermediate gray Central canal Motor nuclei Ventral horn Ventral median fissure Efferent (motor) neuron Thoracic Lateral horn Lumbar Sacral FIGURE 4: Spinal Cord 6 — Cross-Sectional Views © 2006 by Taylor & Francis Group, LLC 20 FIGURE 5 SPINAL CORD 7 SPINAL CORD MRI – T2: AXIAL VIEWS (RADIOGRAPH) MRI views of the spinal cord are shown in the axial plane at the C4 (fourth cervical vertebral) level; the orientation should be noted with anterior (ventral) at the top.

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