Aquaporins by Stefan Hohmann

By Stefan Hohmann

Aquaporins summarizes the current wisdom during this increasing box of analysis, beginning with the structural research of water channel proteins. next chapters commence with mammalian aquaporins, studying body structure and pathophysiology, research of knock-out version animals, and the law of aquaporin functionality. additionally lined is the distribution and law of aquaporins in crops and the functionality of water and glycerol channels in microbial platforms. Key good points* complete remedy of a topical study box* Authored via global leaders within the box* Covers structural biology and body structure* Covers diverse experimental and organic structures* Chapters on plant and microbial platforms* wide therapy of mammalian body structure and pathophysiology* Structural research excellently illustrated

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Briefly, three types of plant homologs have been identified: tonoplast intrinsic proteins (TIPs), plasma membrane intrinsic proteins (PIPs), and the symbiosome protein in the roots of legumes colonized with nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Nod26). 30 Peter Agre et al. , 1999). Why many plant homologs do not exhibit any function when expressed in oocytes is not understood (M. J. Chrispeels, personal communication, 2000). Some plant aquaporins have been linked to physiologically important processes. , 1990), suggesting that some members of the plant aquaporins sense water deprivation.

Briefly, three types of plant homologs have been identified: tonoplast intrinsic proteins (TIPs), plasma membrane intrinsic proteins (PIPs), and the symbiosome protein in the roots of legumes colonized with nitrogen-fixing bacteria (Nod26). 30 Peter Agre et al. , 1999). Why many plant homologs do not exhibit any function when expressed in oocytes is not understood (M. J. Chrispeels, personal communication, 2000). Some plant aquaporins have been linked to physiologically important processes. , 1990), suggesting that some members of the plant aquaporins sense water deprivation.

1999). 20 Peter Agre et al. 1. Discovery of the Aquaporins 21 FIGURE 10 Cataracts in patients from two unrelated families with mutations in the gene encoding AQP0. (a) Lens examination of patient with T138R mutation showing multiple opacities throughout. (b) Lens examination of patient with E134G mutation showing single lamellar opacity. (Bottom) Restriction fragment analyses demonstrates cosegregation of patterns with cataract in both families (black symbols). , 2000). , 2000). The protein is essential for lens homeostasis, because mice bearing mutations in the gene suffer from congenital cataracts (Shiels and Bassnett, 1996).

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