Ancient Mesopotamia (Greenhaven Encyclopedia) by Don Nardo

By Don Nardo

Mesopotamia, the "land among the rivers," was once the positioning of the world's first actual towns, empires, large-scale engineering tasks, and written literature. The background, tradition, and contributions of the pivotal civilizations that inhabited the realm are provided in vibrant element during this quantity, consisting of the increase and fall of Sumeria, Babylonia, Assyria, and Persia. (20030501)

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But many of these rivals of Antigonus were as ambitious and ruthless as he was. And on more than one occasion they formed coalitions against him and his equally power-hungry son, Demetrius Poliorcetes, who later became famous for his massive siege of the island of Rhodes. C. IncredThe Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesopotamia Antiochus ibly, he went down fighting, though he was now eighty. Among the victors that day was the resilient Seleucus, who had already reestablished himself in Mesopotamia.

But probably existed earlier. About a century or two later, in the Seleucid period, horoscopes based on the signs of the zodiac were introduced. Regular observations of the movements of celestial objects also allowed Mesopotamian astronomers to develop useful The Greenhaven Encyclopedia of Ancient Mesopotamia methods of and units for reckoning time, including hours and minutes. The Babylonians divided an hour into sixty minutes and counted twelve “double hours” in each day. ) Likewise, the Babylonian astronomer Kidenas (or Kidinnu) calculated the length of the solar year with an error of only about four minutes.

SEE ALSO: Babylon; Hammurabi; Kassites; Neo-Babylonian Empire Abu [August] . . they subjected the city to a heavy siege. . They inflicted a major defeat upon a great people. . They carried off the vast booty of the city and the temple and turned the city into a ruin heap. SEE ALSO: Assyrian Empire; historical accounts; Nineveh Babylonian Chronicles The general, collective name for a series of historical writings compiled by Babylonian scribes over the course of several centuries. Apparently commissioned by Babylonian rulers, they describe people and events from a local, biased Babylonian perspective.

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