An Economic and Social History of the Netherlands, by Michael Wintle

By Michael Wintle

This publication offers a complete account of Dutch background within the "long" 19th century. during this attention-grabbing and instructive interval the rustic observed tremendous speedy inhabitants progress, amazing loss of life premiums, mind-blowing fertility, a few of the quickest financial progress on the earth, a uniquely huge and effective provider quarter, an enormous and ecocnomic out of the country empire, and relative tolerance. this can be the single single-authored e-book at present on hand in this an important interval of Dutch historical past, and it'll be of vital significance to Dutch experts, in addition to ecu historians extra regularly.

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Extra info for An Economic and Social History of the Netherlands, 1800-1920: Demographic, Economic and Social Transition

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Heere, ‘De tegenwoordige’, 6–7; and De Vooys, ‘De sterfte’. — For most of the nineteenth century the regional diVerences in the death rates of the Netherlands, which were considerable, are largely to be explained by variances in the child and infant mortality rates. In summary, the death rates were high until the 1870s, then declined rapidly, and after 1914 were not exceptional in comparison with other European countries. …» Three questions pose themselves: why were the rates so high, why did they vary so much from province to province, and what brought them down so rapidly after 1870?

As for destinations overseas, there was a catastrophic craze for Surinam in the mid-1840s, a Xirtation with Argentina in the late 1850s and again in the 1880s, a mini-exodus to South Africa in the 1880s and 1890s, and some interest in Canada and a considerable outXow to Germany in the early years of the twentieth century. Large numbers also went to the Dutch colonies (though many returned as well). —À Concerning the push factors which led the emigrants to take the plunge, Robert Swierenga’s studies have made clear that most Dutch emigration was from rural areas, and that most of it was from the sea-clay grain-farming areas, like Zeeland and Groningen, where agricultural modernization was eroding the position of the small farmer and farm labourer.

Hofstee, ‘De demograWsche ontwikkeling’, 45. Ãœ Van Poppel, Trouwen; for the regional variations in m/f rations, see pp. 218–20 and 271. Ö Hofstee, ‘De demograWsche ontwikkeling’, 46–7. × Knippenberg, ‘De demograWsche ontwikkeling’, 59–60. 24 Demography, and the health of the nation total population between 1815 and 1950. Õ» The questions which beg of the development in birth rates, therefore, are why they started to decline in the nineteenth century, and why they declined more slowly than in most other European countries.

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