Agronomy and economy of black pepper and cardamom by K.P. Prabhakaran Nair

By K.P. Prabhakaran Nair

Referred to as the "King" of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum L.) and the "Queen" of spices, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M.), either perennial vegetation of the tropics, are crucial and most generally wanted spice plants of the area. They either have many makes use of, for instance, either are used as flavourings and as a drugs. This e-book offers a finished assessment of those vitally important spice vegetation, covering Read more...

summary:

referred to as the 'King' of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum L) and the 'Queen' of spices, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M), either perennial vegetation of the tropics, are an important and such a lot widely Read more...

Show description

Read or Download Agronomy and economy of black pepper and cardamom PDF

Similar crop science books

Measurements of Phosphor Properties

Measuring the homes of phosphors is a vital step in constructing and choosing phosphors for particular purposes. which includes chapters drawn from the second one version of the best-selling instruction manual of Phosphors, Measurements of Phosphor houses outlines a variety of equipment for characterizing and measuring the optical and luminescence houses of phosphors.

Crop Wild Relative Conservation and Use (Cabi Publishing)

Crop wild family members (CWR) are species heavily relating to crop crops that could give a contribution helpful qualities, reminiscent of pest or affliction resistance and yield development. those species are serious for bettering agricultural creation and extending foodstuff safety. also they are crucial parts of traditional and semi-natural habitats in addition to agricultural platforms, and are as a result very important in retaining atmosphere health and wellbeing.

Ecological Monitoring of Genetically Modified Crops: A Workshop Summary

Proponents of agricultural biotechnology think that genetically converted (GM) plants have the aptitude to supply nice ecological merits, comparable to lowered pesticide and land use, in addition to agricultural advantages. despite the fact that, given the fast emergence of business GM vegetation and the most probably elevate of their use, many teams have raised issues in regards to the power accidental, hostile ecological results of those plants.

Agronomy and economy of black pepper and cardamom

Often called the "King" of spices, black pepper (Piper nigrum L. ) and the "Queen" of spices, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum M. ), either perennial vegetation of the tropics, are an important and most generally wanted spice vegetation of the area. They either have many makes use of, for instance, either are used as flavourings and as a drugs.

Additional resources for Agronomy and economy of black pepper and cardamom

Sample text

5) and the term dC1/dC has been referred to as the nutrient buffer power. Nair and Mengel (1984) used electroultrafiltration to quantify C1, while using an incubation and extraction technique to quantify C. 1. The extractant exchanges adsorbed phosphate and dissolves calcium phosphates except apatites; the method known as the “CAL method,” developed by Schüller (1969), is now widely used in central Europe. In the case of K and NH+ 4 − N, C denotes the concentration of exchangeable, and to some extent nonexchangeable, fractions (Mengel, 1985).

In India, the major peppergrowing soils are oxisols (6%), alfisols (70%), mollisols (10%), and entisols (4%). 3) (Sadanandan, 1994). 5, and is confined mainly to the Western Ghats Highlands. The soils are rich in organic carbon, well drained, brown to black in color, and very well suited for pepper. Soils, in general, are quite fertile, rich in nitrogen and potassium, medium in phosphorus. 2, low in fertility, and invariably run into problems with phosphorus fertilization because of high amounts of soluble iron and aluminum, which render applied phosphorus immobile.

These considerations are particularly important to devise accurate fertilizer recommendations for pepper because, unlike most other annual or biennial crops, pepper is perennial, and the utilization pattern of applied or native nutrients over several years, often running into decades, could be uniquely different. 3 Evolution of Pepper Manuring Pepper has been in cultivation for many decades in India and elsewhere. In earlier days, farmers used only meager quantities of organic manures, such as leaf litter, animal manure (principally cow dung, which is a widespread practice of homestead farming in Kerala even now), or slashed stems and leaves of live support, such as Erythrina indica.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.79 of 5 – based on 41 votes