Agriculture in Crisis: People, Commodities and Natural by Francoise Gerard, Francois Ruf

By Francoise Gerard, Francois Ruf

Indonesia's financial and political quandary is tested the following in terms of its impression on Indonesia's agricultural region. The twelve essays that contain this quantity take a micro-economic method and research will depend on saw evidence and first-hand information accumulated either ahead of and after the country's quandary. this can be a vigorous, good illustrated and instructive publication.

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Extra info for Agriculture in Crisis: People, Commodities and Natural Resources in Indonesia, 1996-2000

Example text

In practice, it bought luxury cars for a small circle of friends and relations. Farmers stopped planting new orchards and gave up taking care of their existing trees. Eventually, they could no longer be bothered even to harvest. On the steep slopes of the Toli Toli hills in Central Sulawesi, harvesting, done from wooden ladders, is both precarious and laborious. Now in their fifties, the migrants who had come there in the late 1960s and early 1970s found the work an unappealing way of preparing for their old age and switched to off-farm labour instead.

5 Among the measures announced were that: new political parties would be allowed seats in parliament, the president and vice-president would be limited to a maximum of a two 5-year terms, parliamentary elections would be held in May or June 1999, all parties meeting the legal requirement to compete in the election would be permitted to do so, parliamentary representation of the military would be reduced, and an independent commission would be established to oversee the elections. 6 The statistics do not include parts of the informal sector, which grew during the crisis.

However, his designation of Habibie, the former vicepresident, as interim president did not resolve matters. Habibie promised free elections before the end of 1999. In early June, discussions with the IMF started up again. In the third quarter of 1998, the economy plunged even deeper into crisis4. Inflation reached 80%. 4 million or 17% of the workforce and was expected to rise to over 20 millions or 22% of the workforce (FAO/WFP, 1998). Riots and looting continued, adding to the international pressures on the rupiah.

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