Agricultural Biotechnology (Books in Soils, Plants, and the by Arie Altman

By Arie Altman

This paintings integrates uncomplicated biotechnological methodologies with up to date agricultural practices, delivering ideas to precise agricultural wishes and difficulties from plant and crop yield to animal husbandry. It provides and evaluates the constraints of classical methodologies and the potential for novel and emergent agriculturally comparable biotechnologies.

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Agricultural Biotechnology (Books in Soils, Plants, and the Environment)

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Survival on arrival to the customer, followed by successful acclimatization and planting out are essential. 2. Asepsis In vitro micropropagation and storage of plant material requires axenic cultures and an aseptic environment. This is achieved by combining surface-sterilization of the plant material from which primary explants are removed, with planting and subculture under aseptic conditions. The use of presterilized culture media and vials and continuous culture and maintenance in a clean environment is employed.

The science and practice of plant micropropagation have been dealt with extensively in several books and reviews [4,8–14]. In the following, the principles and various procedures of plant micropropagation and their applications will be reviewed. Examples of in vitro propagation of selected crops will be presented, and surveys of world distribution and trends, with special emphasis on applied, economic, and commercial Copyright © 1998 by MARCEL DEKKER, INC. 19 20 Altman and Loberant considerations will be presented and evaluated.

4) Regeneration and differentiation of new organs: namely, organogenesis (formation of new shoot buds or new roots), or somatic embryogenesis (the bipolar differentiation of somatic embryos). Organogenesis and somatic embryogenesis may be direct, coming from the explant and not involving callus formation, or indirect, from a callus tissue. The difference between direct and indirect regeneration is important mainly where it relates to the genetic stability of the resulting plantlets. A callus stage, and meristem organization from callus cells, usually lead to more genetic aberrations (resulting from mutations) than direct regeneration.

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