A Subgrouping of Nine Philippine Languages by Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

By Teodoro A. Llamzon S.J. (auth.)

BY J. C. ANCEAUX because the visual appeal of Brugmann's recognized article at the relation­ ships of the Indo-European languages in 1884, the topic of sub­ grouping of languages as a methodological challenge has been raised in simple terms sometimes. To this obvious loss of curiosity in an incredible aspect in comparative linguistics numerous factors might be assigned. considered one of them is consensus has been reached in regards to the major outlines of the family-tree for the language-family which has bought extra cognizance than the other: the Indo-European. one other clarification is that for many of the branches of this kin old fabrics can be found that have proved very worthy for the reconstruction of the inter­ mediate phases among the proto-Ianguage ande the modem languages. For a number of branches in simple terms has the matter of subgrouping been an issue for dialogue (e.g. Germanic). specified realization, besides the fact that, will be anticipated from those that began to observe the comparative how you can different language-families. This cognizance did come ahead, although now not instantly, simply because linguists first needed to care for the issues of proving the lifestyles of the relatives in query and identifying which languages belonged to it. For the Austronesian languages severe attemps to reach at a lin­ guistic class began really past due. convinced situations of nearer relationships have been seen adequate to be famous very early ( e.g.

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Example text

Si Horas 'Horace', Jv. si Tomo 'TomO', Chamorro si nana 'mother', Tg. si ama 'father', Se. si tu:ni 'Tony', Hi. si pidru 'Peter', H. hi wi:gan 'Wigan', Ka. hi bihtay 'Bistay' etc. 9). The Ib. form seems to have originated from *siqaken, which by loss of q became *siaken, and then by contraction sa:kan. The H. form could have originated from *siqaken, which by metathesis became *hiaqqon (*k > H. 5), and finally by contraction of vowels became haqqon, which is the form for 'I' in Guhang Hugao; the vowel e in the Bayninan form haqqen is unexplained (but notice that it is like Ka.

Languages, since this tense is signalled in the CPh. languages by a prefix plus reduplication and length or by aprefix and an infix plus reduplication and length whereas in Malagasy it is signalled only by aprefix {h}. Neither is it comparable to the future system of the NPh. g. 11. mapa:naktu 'I shall go' ({ma-} {pan} 'go' {ak} '1' {to} (partide indicating future time)). , there was this two-way morphological distinction of aspects, namely, a) present - signalIed by the morpheme {m}, and b) past - signalIed by the morpheme {n}.

Daqyli, Ka. dakayu 'you'. All these forms appear to contain an element da- plus a pronominal form. This da- is, apparently, the second element in *siDa: Ch. siha, TB. , Hi. sila, SL. sira 'they'. 1 H. dituqu, and Ka. dataku 'we (inclusive)' imply a protoform Dataku, which appears to contain *Da and *taku. 1). The H. 5), it became dituqu. 2 11. dakami, H. daqmi, Ka. dakami 'we (exclusive)' imply a proto-form Dakami, which appears to contain *Da and *kami: Ch. hämi, MI. kami, TB. , Bk. kami 'we (exclusive)'.

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