A Mediterranean Emporium: The Catalan Kingdom of Majorca by David Abulafia

By David Abulafia

The Catalan nation of Majorca used to be demonstrated lower than the desire of King James I of Aragon, who conquered Majorca in 1229, however it was once governed from 1276 to 1343 via a cadet dynasty. the dominion integrated the major company facilities of Montpellier and Perpignan, and different lands in what's now southern France. It used to be domestic to special Jewish and Muslim groups, and was once the focal point of immigration from Catalonia, Provence and Italy. This booklet emphasizes the key differences within the exchange of the Balearic Islands from the eve of the Catalan conquest to the Black dying, and the impact of the kingdom's construction and loss of life at the economic climate of the quarter.

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Peter's humiliation of the king of Majorca, in 1279, backfired; when in 1285 the king of France launched an attack on Aragon, as vengeance for the seizure of Sicily by Peter the Great of Aragon, the Majorcan ruler gave his support to France against his own bullying brother. James' decision was crucial, since he thus permitted the French armies eventually to march through his own county of Roussillon on their way into Catalonia proper. His mainland capital at Perpignan (where a handsome Palace of the Kings of Majorca can still be seen) was attacked by Peter; James only evaded Peter's clutches by 22 The constitutional position is analysed in chapter 3.

J a c q u e s Heers (Nagel's 47 Encyclopedia G u i d e , 2 n d edn, Geneva, 1969), 43—5. See c h a p t e r 5. (Alabama, 1975). On the state of the economy after 1343, see chapter 11. Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2009 The Balearic setting 19 did, it is true, see a check placed on Mallorcan economic expansion, but there was still some optimism, as the building of the Lonja suggests. Against this, there is the paradox of the failure of the Majorcan monarchy. Its political weakness contrasts strikingly with Mallorca's economic strength.

M . Durliat, Vart dans le rqyaume de Majorque (Toulouse, 1962). See c h a p t e r 8 for further details concerning royal revenues from trade in the early fourteenth century. See appendix 1. Cambridge Books Online © Cambridge University Press, 2009 16 Unity and diversity were still facing tough resistance in Sardinia; they grudgingly accepted that the crown could pass to Sana's nephew James. James Ill's policies were built on an unequivocal assumption that as king of Majorca he could be subject to no other secular power.

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