A House Dividing: Economic Development in Pennsylvania and by John Majewski

By John Majewski

Professor Majewski compares Virginia and Pennsylvania to provide an explanation for how slavery undermined the improvement of the southern financial system. at the beginning of the 19th century, citizens in each one country financed transportation advancements to elevate land values and spur advertisement progress. despite the fact that, via the 1830s, Philadelphia capitalists begun financing Pennsylvania's railroad community, development built-in platforms that reached the Midwest. Virginia's railroads remained a suite of strains with out western connections. the shortcoming of a tremendous urban which can offer capital and site visitors for large-scale railroads was once the weak spot of Virginia's slave economic climate.

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27 Few residents in either county, however, questioned the importance of economic development. Given the concrete economic benefits these corporations produced, the widespread political support that many residents gave developmental corporations was not surprising. The companies succeeded in raising land values and creating town growth. However much Jeffersonians and Jacksonians railed against corporate power, they could not oppose the substantial benefits that a local turnpike or river improvement could bring.

53 Most of the new towns were little more than a country store at a crossroads, but a few became viable commercial centers. Two main rivalries developed in the late eighteenth century: one between Charlottesville and Milton in the central portion of the county, the other between Warren and Scottsville in the southern part. Despite the heated competition, the more established towns of Charlottesville and Scottsville won their respective contests. Although Milton was located at the head of navigation for the Rivanna River, planters and farmers west of the town had to traverse a series of difficult hills to reach its warehouses and mills.

22 Here the story is largely autobiographical, for Carr himself fell head over heals in love while studying at the University of Virginia. His close friend Thomas W. "23 Yet a good fortune was precisely what Carr lacked. His father had been a successful Albemarle planter, but even his large plantation could not provide a secure head start for all of his five sons and five daughters. 24 Carr's story revealed profound pessimism about his prospects. The ill-fated couple fell in love, but James despaired of marriage.

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