A General View of the Rural Economy of England, 1538-1840 by Ann Kussmaul

By Ann Kussmaul

In rural England ahead of the economic Revolution humans commonly married after they weren't busy with paintings. Parish registers of marriage accordingly shape a tremendous and cutting edge resource for the research of monetary switch during this interval. Dr Kussmaul employs marriage dates to spot 3 major styles of labor and chance (arable, pastoral and rural commercial) and extra importantly to teach the long term adjustments in fiscal actions throughout 542 English parishes from the start of nationwide marriage registration in 1538. No unmarried ancient panorama emerges. as an alternative A basic View of the agricultural economic climate of britain, 1538-1840 maps the adjustments in fiscal orientation from arable via nearby specialization to rural industrialization and explores how those adjustments had implications for the level of inhabitants progress within the early glossy interval. Dr Kussmaul's examine provides a view of early smooth English monetary historical past from a special perspective.

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53 Wrigley a n d Schofield, Population History of England, p . 263. 56 With the introduction of a tax on weddings in 1696, a new motive arose to form a household without a (taxable) wedding, but the state also had a new motive for seeing the marriages registered. Hardwicke's Act of 1753 made only those marriages celebrated in the Anglican Church valid (excepting only the valid marriages of Quakers and Jews). Even before 1753, however, the seasonality of agricultural wages would have made the harvest a bad time for the poor to absent themselves from work to marry.

1. 33 The autumn months are September (9), October (10), and November (11), and the spring months April (4) through July (7). ). We would expect a higher mean value in 1754-73, and that was indeed the result, in all four rows of the table. 1 per cent), and that is almost certainly accounted for by the quick adjustment in the calendar dates of hiring fairs for those marriageable young adults, servants in husbandry, in the east. There, hirings at New Michaelmas (10 October) replaced hirings at the end of September.

If marriage seasonality was largely determined by the work of men, and if men left their parishes to marry more than women did (before and after Hardwicke), the record of marriage seasonality would be less determined by the seasonality of work and risks of the (male) residents of the registered parish. There remain three more serious complications to the inquiry. The most obvious motifs in early modern marriage seasonality are the dents left by Advent in December and Lent in March. 65 Marriages in Lent and Advent were not prohibited by canon law, but the practice of avoiding marriage in these periods of abstinence was fairly scrupulously observed, until the Interregnum.

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